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vesak - Shanmugam IAS academy in coimbatore - UPSC/TNPSC
vesak

VESAK

What’s in news?

Vesak is the Buddhist festival, celebrated on this month. The history and background of this event is given below.

Key data’s:

  • VAISAKHA or Vesak is the name used for the second month in traditional Moon Calendar (lunar calendar) which corresponds with the month of May in the Gregorian Calendar (solar calendar).
  • On full moon day in the month of Vesak (May) all Buddhist countries celebrate Vesak and the media publishes reports of the festivities complete with colourful pictures.
  • On this full moon day Gautama Buddha was born.
  • Vesak is a Pali language word and Visakha is a Sanskrit word. These are two languages used in ancient India. 
  • Buddha Jayanthi, Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day are the other names used by different countries and cultures.
  • On Vesak Day Buddhists celebrate three major events in life of the Buddhha;
  • His birth
  • His attainment of Enlightenment
  • His passing into Nirvana
  • All these three events occurred on Full Moon Day in the month of Vesak.
  • A prince was born in Nepal on Vesak full moon day to the Queen Mahamaya and King Suddhodana and was named Siddhartha who became Buddha. This happened over 2,500 years ago.
  • Siddhartha Gautama is the lay name of Lord Buddha.
  • His father wants him to succeed this throne, and made the arrangement according to that. He segregates his life from the outside world.
  • Going outside he saw for the first time that there was great suffering among the people. He realised from his observations that life was full of sorrows and that happiness was an illusion. It was from these sights of suffering that he became deeply distressed.
  • Going outside he saw for the first time that there was great suffering among the people. He realised from his observations that life was full of sorrows and that happiness was an illusion. It was from these sights of suffering that he became deeply distressed.
  • He decided to leave the luxury of palace life and begin a quest to find the answer to the problem of pain and human suffering. It was the night on which his wife Yasodhara gave birth to their son Rahula. By that time Siddhartha was 29 years old.
  • At age 35 in the month of Vesak on Full Moon Day he discovered the Four Noble Truths, which became known as the wisdom of realisation.
  • The Four Noble Truths- the heart of the teaching of Buddha are as follows.
    • The Noble Truth of suffering
    • The Origin or Course of suffering
    • The End or Cessation of suffering
    • The Path which leads to the cessation of all sufferings
  • After a successful ministry of 45 years the Buddha passed into Nirvana at the age of 80 on a Vesak Full Moon Day.

Important Links:

https://www.thenational.com.pg/vesak-festival-in-buddhism/

https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/48106687

http://iasipstnpsc.in/science-day-awards/

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