RECENT GOVT PROGRAMMES ON CHILDCARE:
Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016 provides for complete prohibition of work or employment of children below 14 years in any occupation and adolescents in the age group of 14 to 18 years in hazardous occupations and processes.
The amendment also provides stricter punishment for employers for violation of the Act and made the offence as cognizable.
National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme for rehabilitation of child labour:
Under the Scheme children in the age group of 9-14 years, rescued/withdrawn from work are enrolled in the NCLP Special Training Centres, where they are provided with bridge education, vocational training, mid day meal, stipend, health care, etc. before being mainstreamed into formal education system.
PENCIL (Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour) is an online portal to ensure effective enforcement of the provisions of the Child Labour Act and smooth implementation of the NCLP.
POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission – NNM) aims to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies.
The important components of the Abhiyaan are:
- Ensuring convergence with various programmes;
- Incentivizing States/ UTs for achieving goals;
Under POSHAN Abhiyaan, the Government has fixed targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
Mission also strives to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).