Global Environment outlook
The Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is often referred to as UN Environment’s flagship environmental assessment.
The first publication was in 1997 and was originally requested by Member States.
It is a flagship report because it fulfils the core functions of the organization, which date back to the UN General Assembly resolution that established the UN Environment Programme in 1972.
The sixth Global Environment Outlook, or GEO-6, is the world’s most comprehensive environmental report, covering a range of topics, issues and potential solutions.
The GEO-6 regional assessments have provided key findings and policy messages for each of the six UN Environment regions. 1.Africa 2.Asia and pacific 3. Europe 4.Latina America and Caribbean 5. North America 6. West Asia
Assessment about India
India could save at least $3 trillion ( 210 trillion approx.) in healthcare costs if it implemented policy initiatives consistent with ensuring that the globe didn’t heat up beyond 1.5 degrees Celsius by the turn of the century.
India’s stated commitment is to lower emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35% compared to 2005 levels by 2030; increase total cumulative electricity generation from fossil free energy sources to 40% by 2030, and create additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tons through additional forest and tree cover.
India is on track to achieve two of these goals — of emissions intensity and electricity generation.
However these effort are good for achieving the target of keeping rise in temperature up to 2 degrees.
To achieve 1.5-degree pathway it would have to “abandon plans to build new coal-fired power plants.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
- It is an UN agency
- It coordinates UN’s environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
- It was founded as a result of the UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference) in 1972
- HQ : Nairobi, Kenya
- UNEP also has six regional offices and various country offices.
- Its activities cover a wide range of issues regarding the atmosphere, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, environmental governance and green economy.
- UNEP has also been active in funding and implementing environment related development projects.
- UNEP has aided in the formulation of guidelines and treaties on issues such as the international trade in potentially harmful chemicals, transboundary air pollution, and contamination of international waterways
- UNEP is also one of several Implementing Agencies for the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
- The International Cyanide Management Code, a program of best practice for the chemical’s use at gold mining operations, was developed under UNEP’s aegis.