CHENCHUS TRIBES DOMESTICATING FOX
What’s in news?
The nomadic tribal families of Chenchus have succeeded in domesticating the fox. And they believe the fox ushers in fortune.
- The conservation of fox falls under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972, according to which hunting or domesticating it is an offence and attracts punishment.
- But the nomadic Chenchu tribal families have succeeded in domesticating the fox with the belief of Beginning the day by seeing the face of the fox is a fortune.
- Most of the time in a day, the fox is left freely without being tied to a pole or tree. For the children of these families, they are the prime source of entertainment.
- The tribes feed their foxes with rats, fish and wild crab to our foxes as food and the foxes also love to accompany the tribe to the fields.
- The tribal families in the district, less than 100, eke out a livelihood in fishing in the ponds, collecting wild crab and rats.
- The Chenchus are Adivasi, a designated Scheduled Tribe in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Odisha.They are an aboriginal tribewhose traditional way of life has been based on hunting and gathering.
- Chenchus are a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) whose hamlets or Pentas dot the Nallamala forest range spread across four to five districts in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
- The Chenchus speak the Chenchu language, a member of the Dravidian language family. In general, the Chenchu relationship to non-tribal people has been largely symbiotic.
- If patriotism be defined as love for the land, Chenchus are patriots in true spirit.
- Some Chenchus have continued to specialize in collecting forest products for sale to non-tribal people. Many Chenchus live in the dense Nallamala forest of Andhra Pradesh. They are also known as Chenchu Reddies in Rayalaseemabecause they use reddy title.
- The Chenchus are referred to as one of the Primitive Tribal Groups that are still dependent on forests and do not cultivate land but hunt for a living. Non-tribe people living among them rent land from the Chenchus and pay a portion of the harvest.
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group:
Who are they?
- The PVTGs are the marginalized section of the Scheduled tribes of India. They are a section who is relatively isolated, educationally and socio-economically backward, living in a habitat far away from amenities.
- PVTG is not a Constitutional category, nor are these constitutionally recognized communities.
- It is a government of India classification created with the purpose of enabling improvement in the conditions of certain communities with particularly low development
- The Saharia people of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan are the largest among the PVTGs with population more than 4 lakhs.
- But the term ‘scheduled tribe’ is primarily an administrative and constitutional concept.
- Article 366 (25) of the Constitution of India refers to Scheduled Tribes as those communities, who are scheduled in accordance with Article 342 of the Constitution.
The essential characteristics laid down by the Lokur Committee, for a community to be identified as Scheduled Tribes are –
- Primitive traits;
- Distinctive culture;
- Shyness of contact with the community at large;
- Geographical isolation; and
- Backwardness – social and economic
- Among the 75 listed PVTG’s the highest number are found in Odisha (13), followed by Andhra Pradesh (12), Bihar including Jharkhand (9) Madhya Pradesh including Chhattisgarh (7) Tamil Nadu (6) Kerala and Gujarat having five groups each.
- The remaining PVTGs live in West Bengal (3) Maharashtra (3), two each in Karnataka and Uttarakhand and one each in Rajasthan, Tripura and Manipur.
- All the four tribal groups in Andaman, and one in Nicobar Islands, are recognised as PVTGs