UPSC: AGNI-5 BALLISTIC MISSILE
India on December 10, 2018 successfully test-fired nuclear-capable ballistic missile ‘Agni-5’ from Dr Abdul Kalam Island, off the Odisha coast.
The missile was launched with the help of a mobile launcher from launch pad-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Dr Abdul Kalam Island in the Bay of Bengal. It was a user associated trial and was conducted by the Strategic Force Command with DRDO scientists.
This was the seventh trial of the indigenously-developed surface-to-surface missile.
Previous trials of Agni 5
- The first test launch of the missile was conducted on April 19, 2012. The missile was able to hit the target nearly at pin-point accuracy, within a few metres of the designated target point.
- India conducted the second test flight of Agni-V from the Wheeler Island on September 15, 2013. The missile hit the pre-designed target in the Indian Ocean with an accuracy of a few metres.
- The third successful test flight of the Agni-V was conducted on January 31, 2015. The test used a canisterised version of the missile, mounted over a Tatra truck.
- The fourth test of the missile was successfully conducted on December 26, 2018. This was the second canisterised test of the missile.
- The fifth test of the missile was successfully conducted on January 18, 2018. This was the third consecutive test of the missile on a road-mobile launcher and the first in its final operational configuration.
- The sixth trial was conducted in June 2018 during which the missile was fired from a mobile launcher. Several new technologies were successfully tested during the sixth trial.
About Agni 5
- Agni 5 is an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India.
- The missile is a part of the Agni series of missiles, one of the missile systems under the original Integrated Guided Missile Development Program.
- Agni-V is a three stage missile, 17 metres tall, two metres wide and capable of carrying 1.5 tonne of nuclear warheads.
- Unlike other Agni missiles, Agni-5 is the most-advanced in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine.
- The missile has been designed to hit the designated target point accurately, guided by the on-board computer with the support of a Ring Laser Gyro-based Inertial Navigation System, the Micro Inertial Navigation System, fully-digital control system and advanced compact avionics.
India has an armory the Agni series missiles:
- Agni-1 with 700 km range
- Agni-2 with a 2,000-km range
- Agni-3 and Agni-4 with 2,500 km to more than 3,500-km range
- Agni-5 with a strike range of 5,000 km