WORLD AUTISM AWARENESS DAY
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April 2 is being celebrated as a “World Autism Awareness Day” to spread awareness about the autism children and the care they need.
- World Autism Awareness Dayis an Internationally recognized day on 2 April every year, encouraging member states of UN to take measures to raise awareness about people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)throughout the world. It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly in 2007.
- It was proposed by the United Nations representative from Qatar.
- This resolution was passed and adopted without a vote in the UN General Assembly, mainly as a supplement to previous UN initiatives to improve human rights.
- World Autism Day is one of only 8 official health-specific UN Days.
- Officially health specific days are;
- World TB Day
- World Health Day
- World Immunization Week
- World Malaria Day
- World No Tobacco Day
- World AIDS Day
- World Blood Donor Day
- World Hepatitis day
- 2019: “Assistive Technologies, Active Participation”
- 2018: “Empowering Women and Girls with Autism”
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD):
- Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering connections and organization of nerve cells and their synapses. How this occurs is not well understood.
- Autismis a developmental disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behaviour.
- Parents usually notice signs during the first three years of their child’s life. These signs often develop gradually, though some children with autism reach their developmental milestone at a normal pace before worsening.
- Autism is associated with a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
- Risk factors during pregnancy include certain infections, such as rubella, toxins including valproic acid, cocaine, pesticides and air pollution, fetal growth restriction and autoimmune disease.
- Early speech theraphy or behavioural interventions can help children with autism gain self-care, social, and communication skills. Although there is no known cure, there have been cases of children who recovered.
- Globally, autism is estimated to affect 24.8 million people as of 2015.
- Its mechanism can be divided into two areas: the pathophysiology of brain structures and processes associated with autism, and the neuropsychological linkages between brain structures and behaviours.